Harvard Educational Review
  1. Spring 1981 Issue »

    The People Speak Their Word

    Learning to Read and Write in Sao Tome and Principe

    Paulo Freire
    Paulo Freire reflects here on his role as consultant to the Adult Literacy Program in the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Principe—a role whose political nature, he argues, must be recognized. Repudiating purely mechanical approaches to teaching literacy, Freire advocates a theory and practice that links reading the word to "reading" the context. With the aid of primers, referred to as Popular Culture Notebooks, and the learners' own generation of words and terms relevant to their daily lives, adults learn to read and write through critical reflection, thus enabling them to realize their rights as human beings and to transform themselves and history.

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    Spring 1981 Issue


    Nicaragua 1980
    The Battle of the ABCs
    Fernando Cardenal, S.J. and Valerie Miller
    The People Speak Their Word
    Learning to Read and Write in Sao Tome and Principe
    Paulo Freire
    The Literacy Campaign in Cuba
    Abel Prieto Morales
    "What Go Round Come Round"
    King In Perspective
    Geneva Smitherman
    Education as Transformation
    Becoming a Healer Among the !Kung and the Fijians
    Richard Katz
    Children of a Brazilian Favela
    Robert Coles
    The Identity Crisis of Educational Planning
    Henry M. Levin
    Educational Change and National Economic Development
    Pamela Barnhouse Walters
    Schooling, Development, and Inequality
    Old Myths and New Realities
    Gerald W. Fry
    The "New Era" in China's Educational Revolution
    C.T. Hu
    The Contradiction of Bantu Education
    Mokubung O. Nkomo
    Aboriginal Education
    The School at Strelley, Western Australia
    Kenneth B. Liberman
    Didactic Theatre in Africa
    David Kerr
    Home (poem)
    Derek Walcott
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