Harvard Educational Review
  1. Spring 1981 Issue »

    Nicaragua 1980

    The Battle of the ABCs

    Fernando Cardenal, S.J. and Valerie Miller
    Fernando Cardenal and Valerie Miller present a vivid, first-hand account of the massive "battle" for literacy in Nicaragua. Dedicating their article to the thousands who lost their lives in the fight against inequity, foreign domination, and military repression, the authors describe the political rationale and the extensive organizational tasks of the National Literacy Crusade, pointing out that its eventual success "depended on a commitment of the spirit—a commitment of a people and a government born of a liberation struggle."

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    Spring 1981 Issue


    Nicaragua 1980
    The Battle of the ABCs
    Fernando Cardenal, S.J. and Valerie Miller
    The People Speak Their Word
    Learning to Read and Write in Sao Tome and Principe
    Paulo Freire
    The Literacy Campaign in Cuba
    Abel Prieto Morales
    "What Go Round Come Round"
    King In Perspective
    Geneva Smitherman
    Education as Transformation
    Becoming a Healer Among the !Kung and the Fijians
    Richard Katz
    Children of a Brazilian Favela
    Robert Coles
    The Identity Crisis of Educational Planning
    Henry M. Levin
    Educational Change and National Economic Development
    Pamela Barnhouse Walters
    Schooling, Development, and Inequality
    Old Myths and New Realities
    Gerald W. Fry
    The "New Era" in China's Educational Revolution
    C.T. Hu
    The Contradiction of Bantu Education
    Mokubung O. Nkomo
    Aboriginal Education
    The School at Strelley, Western Australia
    Kenneth B. Liberman
    Didactic Theatre in Africa
    David Kerr
    Home (poem)
    Derek Walcott
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