Harvard Educational Review
  1. Summer 2005 Issue »

    Adjusting Inequality

    Education and Structural Adjustment Policies in Tanzania

    Frances Vavrus
    International economic forces increasingly affect policy at multiple levels and in multiple domains. The interplay of three levels — international, national, and local — are underresearched in the social and educational policy fields, which includes educational policy studies. In this article, Frances Vavrus employs ethnography to investigate how these interactions play out in a Chagga community in the Kilimanjaro region of Tanzania. She examines how the lives of secondary students in Tanzanian schools are affected by structural adjustment policies, adopted by Tanzania at the advice of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, in three domains: access to schooling, opportunities for employment, and the risk of HIV/AIDS infection. She makes a convincing case for the importance of understanding the local setting in the development of international and national policy, and for investigating the impact policy change in noneducational sectors has on educational realities. Vavrus’s research also provides a glimpse into the multiple local consequences of the policy of user fees for school access that were implemented over the last fifteen years in Tanzania and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa. She concludes with a call for the research community to consider the benefits of ethnography in the development and evaluation of policy.

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    Summer 2005 Issue

    Abstracts

    Communities and Schools
    A New View of Urban Education Reform
    Mark R. Warren
    Adjusting Inequality
    Education and Structural Adjustment Policies in Tanzania
    Frances Vavrus
    Learning from Self-Study
    Gaining Knowledge about How Fourth Graders Move from Relational Description to Algebraic Generalization
    Laura Grandau
    Editor's Review of Amilcar Shabazz's Advancing Democracy: African Americans and the Struggle for Access and Equity in Higher Education in Texas
    Richard J. Reddick

    Book Notes

    Black in School
    By Shawn A. Ginwright

    Becoming Multicultural Educators
    Edited by Geneva Gay

    A New Look at Black Families
    By Charles Vert Willie and Richard J. Reddick

    Learning to Trust
    By Marilyn Watson, in collaboration with Laura Ecken

    I Am a Pencil
    By Sam Swope