Peasant Consciousness Under Peruvian Military Rule
Erwin H. Epstein
Examining the period of military rule in Peru from 1968 to 1980, Erwin Epstein describes the unique ideology of the regime and the methods it instituted to gain popular support. Particular attention is given to the regime's use of education to win the allegiance of the most politically and economically oppressed class—the highland Indians. These educational methods ranged from providing bilingual education programs in community schools staffed by local teachers, to the formation of nationwide agencies responsible for disseminating the government's particular ideology. Epstein concludes by analyzing the problems with the regime's educational programs, and connects these problems with the regime's ultimate failure to win the Peruvian people's support.